What is Cholesterol?
What is LDL?
What is HDL?
Why LDL is Good?
Why HDL is Bad?
What is Cholesterol-
Cholesterol is a waxy fat-like substance that’s made in your liver and travels throughout your blood stream. Most of the cholesterol in our bloodstream (75%) is produced by the liver, and the remaining 25% comes from the foods we eat.
It’s a key ingredient that your body needs to make new cells, but too much cholesterol can lead to serious problems, such as heart disease and stroke. The body needs cholesterol to cell membranes and to produce-
- Vitamin D
- Sex hormones i.e. estrogen and testosterone
- bile acids, which help the body digest fats
Cholesterol is an oil-based substance. It does not mix with the blood, which is water-based.
It travels around the body in lipoproteins.
Two types of Cholesterol-
- Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)– Cholesterol that travels in this way is unhealthful or “bad” cholesterol.
- High-density lipoprotein (HDL)– Cholesterol that is present in HDL is known as “good” cholesterol.
What is LDL-
It is called bad type cholesterol. LDL levels are associated with an increased risk of heart disease stroke. Lipoproteins, which are combinations of fats (lipids) and proteins, are the form in which lipids are transported in the blood. Low-density lipoproteins transport cholesterol from the liver to the tissues of the body.
The optimal level of LDL cholesterol for most people is 100 mg/dL or lower. If you have heart disease, you may need to strive for LDL levels of 70 mg/dL or lower.
What is HDL-
It is a good kind of cholesterol, because it actually works to keep the LDL, or “bad” cholesterol from building up in your arteries. The higher the HDL, the better. HDL levels of 60 mg/dL and higher can help reduce your risk for heart disease.
When HDL levels of 40 mg/dL and lower are considered a high risk factor for developing heart disease.
Why LDL is Bad-
LDL is considered as a ‘bad’ cholesterol, because it contributes to fatty buildups in arteries.This can increase the risk of blood clots in your arteries. If a blood clot breaks away and blocks an artery in your heart or brain, you may have a stroke or heart attack. It is dangerous for us.
LDL sources who increases LDL level i.e. avoided
- Deep fried snakes foods
- Non-vegetarian( eggs, chicken etc..)
- Cake, pas-tree
- sweat and maida flour
- Tobacco and wine.
Why HDL is Good-
HDL is important for human and animal cells, so it is called ‘Good’ cholesterol. It transports cholesterol to your liver to be expelled from your body. HDL helps rid your body of excess cholesterol so it’s less likely to end up in your arteries.
High Cholesterol Symptoms-
We all know how high cholesterol can harm the human body. High cholesterol in the body can be caused by an over-consumption of fatty foods and a lack of fruits and vegetables. Bad habits, a lazy lifestyle, and excess weight can make the situation even worse.
Below are 9 symptoms of high cholesterol you should never ignore-
- Heart palpitations
- Tingling in the limbs
- Bumps on the eyelids
- Lack of appetite and Excess weight
- Grey ring around the iris
- Fatigue and excessive emotions
- Pain in the upper parts of the spine
- Frequent Headache
- Chest pain & Heart attack
These are the sign of bad cholesterol. About this symptoms:
We tend to associate an increased heart rate with physical exertion. This phenomenon is quite normal and should not cause any concern.
However, if you constantly feel heart palpitations even when you are not physically active, it means that your heart has to work with increased intensity and pump blood more quickly. This is due to the fact the vessels are clogged with cholesterol. Heart palpitations are often accompanied by severe pain in the left side of the chest.
Tingling in the limbs
If your arms and legs are often tingling, you need to check your cholesterol levels. When your blood vessels are blocked by cholesterol, the peripheral nerves don’t get the proper level of oxygen they require, resulting in the tingling.
Bumps on the eyelids
If you notice a tiny pimple formation on your eyelids, take a closer look and examine its color. A yellowish color indicates an increase in cholesterol.
However, these bumps do not affect the eyesight in any way. One of the options for getting rid of the bumps on your eyelids is a cosmetological intervention. However, you’d better completely eliminate the problem by normalizing your blood composition.
Lack of appetite and Excess weight
Disorders in the metabolism of lipids create favorable conditions for the accumulation of fats in the abdominal cavity. In addition, due to the reduced ability of the gastrointestinal tract to digest food, food lingers in the intestine longer than necessary.
As a result, a person has a feeling of satiety most of the time while the body mass continues to grow. In addition, people with high cholesterol have loose stools.
If there is a good amount of cholesterol in the body, then it prevents fat from increasing and also works to burn fat. If the same bad cholesterol goes away, then it starts to increase body weight rapidly.
So often the weight of people overweight is high in cholesterol and they are also more prone to heart and brain disease.
Grey ring around the iris
Most often, the formation of a “ring” around the iris is an age-related change. If you are not 45 yet but the ring is there, you probably have a high cholesterol level.
Fatigue and excessive emotions
Due to chronic digestive problems, the body does not receive sufficient energy for it to function normally. Other symptoms of high cholesterol include frequent mood swings, a short attention span, poor memory, and depression
Pain in the upper parts of the spine
Unpleasant sensations in the back of the head, neck, shoulder girdle and upper spine indicate insufficient blood flow. Another symptom may be dizziness, which can be explained by poor nutrition of the brain.
Frequent headaches in the back of the head caused by a blockage of blood vessels in the area around the head. This occurs due to clogging of cholesterol plaque start forming in blood vessels.
Neck and shoulder ache also could be signs of high cholesterol.Neck and shoulders that feel sore are also the implications of disfluencies blood flow in the blood vessels in the area. The blockage of blood vessels due to high cholesterol levels.
If left unchecked, the blood vessels can rapture and cause a stroke. As we know, when plaque accumulates in the arteries leading to the brain, the path for blood flow narrows, depriving portion of the brain off oxygenated blood. Without oxygen, brain cells begin to die in what is known as a thrombotic stroke
Chest pain & Heart attack
Chest pain is another sign of high cholesterol levels. Your risk of developing coronary heart disease also rises as your blood’s cholesterol level increases. Even a minimal plaque creation in any part of the body can decrease blood flow.
The heart works more to restore normal blood flow and this can cause pain in your chest. This pain can also be a sign off a heart attack.
Heart attack caused by a blockage in one of the arteries that feed the heart. when blood can’t reach the heart, it is deprived of oxygen that is essential for its functioning.
As a result, the heart dies off and this is called a heart attack or myocardial infarction.
As we know, one of the sign of Heart attack is chest pain. Blockage off blood vessels around the heart can cause pain like impaled. The pain may even spread up to the neck.
All of this condition can be sign that blood cholesterol levels are too high in your blood.